(Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, Non HDL Cholesterol, VLDL, Total Cholesterol/ HDL Ratio, LDL/HDL Ratio, HDL/LDL Ratio)
(ALT/SGPT, AST/SGOT, Alkaline Phosphatase, Billirubin Direct/ Total/ Indirect)
A lipid profile means a group of tests which consists of TC (total cholesterol), HDL (high density lipoprotein) cholesterol, TG (triglycerides) and LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol. In order to assess a person’s cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, lipid profile test is performed. An extensive panel of lipid profile includes very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), LDL to HDL ratio, and total cholesterol to HDL ratio. This includes a panel of blood tests.
Lipids are fatty acid molecules which are made up of hydrocarbons. They are insoluble in water and have important functions in the body like storing energy, act as messengers, behave as signaling molecules, etc. The major categories of lipids include fatty acids, sphingolipids, sterol lipids, glycerolipids, polyketides, etc. Cholesterol is both absorbed from the foods we intake and produced by the body. What factors influence the lipid profile includes: sex, age and genetics. What factors affect the lipid profile includes: physical activity and your lifestyle, which majorly includes your diet.
When cholesterol level is normal in the body, the blood flows through arteries and veins more freely. Its higher level in the body can lead to atherosclerosis, strokes, hypertension, angina, plaques formation and heart diseases.Its level can be easily measured by undergoing lipid profile test in Gurgaon. For this test, blood sample is generally collected.The panelfor lipid profile test includes nine tests, namely TC, serum triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, LDL particle testing, direct LDL cholesterol and serum phospholipids. It can be easily done at home anywhere in Gurgaon by asking Next Door Lab for this test. For this test, no special preparation is required except fasting for 8 to 12 hours prior to this test. Doing this has no implications on the test.
TG is a fat that combines with cholesterol to form plasma lipid which deposits in your blood vessels. This gets stored in your body and is used as an energy form during the times you do not eat. TG should be <150 mg/dl. The value of TC should range from 75 to 169 mg/dL for those aged 20 and above, while for those aged 21 and above it should range from 100 to 199 mg/dL. HDL is known as good cholesterol because it helps in getting rid of excess cholesterol as it transports it from the blood vessels to the liver for excretion. It should be greater than 40 mg/dL. LDL cholesterol deposits in blood vessels and clog arteries leading to a disease called atherosclerosis. This could lead to blood clots resulting in heart attacks. Therefore, it is called bad cholesterol. It should be <70 mg/dL for those having some heart disease, <100 mg/dL for high risk patients, and <130 mg/dL for individuals with low risks of coronary heart disease.
According to the ATP III (Adult Treatment Panel III) guidelines, one should get this test done once in five years. This screening helps in evaluation of genetic diseases, which if not detected early can prove lethal. Hyperlipidemia can also be screened with this test which is known to be one of the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This does not mean that cholesterol is bad for health; rather certain amount of it in the body is required. It is a soft and waxy fat which helps in proper functioning of the body. After the age of 35, getting check-up is a must. ADA (The American Diabetes Association) recommends taking this test annually to people who require correction in their lipid profile.
Do not worry about the abnormal results of the lipid profile test. You just need to make some changes in your lifestyle. To avoid any heart disease risk, build your lifestyle to a healthy one.
Overall, high cholesterol is not to be worried about. Ask a doctor to create a plan to maintain it which might include changes in diet, regular exercise and check-ups. Along with your personal look after, some medicines can prove in effective outcome. Importantly, changes in your lifestyle and your attitude towards it will have more impact on you.