Blood sugar is the main sugar present in the blood known as glucose. Glucose is the main source of energy and is obtained from the food we eat. Glucose is the most common form of sugar utilized by our body. Other forms of sugar are fructose, obtained from the fruits we eat, and lactose, obtained from the dairy products like milk. Our bodies break these sugars and convert them to glucose to use in the form of energy. Blood sugar is also known as blood glucose. The normal glucose numbers vary throughout the day. They are lowest in the morning and rise for an hour or so after having meals. Any major deviation in the normal glucose reference range means a medical problem. A persistently low level of glucose in the blood means hypoglycemia, while high levels mean hyperglycemia.
The normal ranges of blood sugar for non-diabetic individuals when fasting and 1–2 hours after eating are 4–6 and 7.8 mmol/L, respectively. Blood sugar targets for diabetics are 5–9 and 9 mmol/L, respectively, before meals and after meals. These values are important because high blood sugar levels can lead to complications in health like diabetes, retinal disease, kidney disease, strokes, heart disease, and nerve diseases. Diabetes is a form of long-term hyperglycemia, which can cause serious health problems. Symptoms for high blood sugar levels include vision loss, erectile dysfunction, slow wound healing, frequent urination, blurry vision, feeling very thirsty, loss of appetite, weight loss, extreme fatigue, feeling hungry even after eating. Symptoms for low blood sugar levels include dizziness, weakness, sweating, lack of coordination, and irritability. If you do not have diabetes, but have problems with your blood sugar levels, this can also be a problem. Regular blood checkup is the best way o keep an eye on your sugar levels. Generally, blood is required for the test and sometimes urine too. You can now order a blood sugar test by either visiting www.nextdoorlab.com or be giving a missed call on 0124-222-3197, where you will get to consult with a doctor free. The sample will be collected from your place. Other tests include (1) two consecutive fasting blood glucose tests, (2) a two-hour oral glucose tolerance test, (3) an A1c test, and (4) any random blood glucose test. Although a blood sugar test is done when you opt for a full body medical check up but if you want then you can get your sugar levels check with this test.
Apart from sugar levels, following will also benefit from this test:
1. if you have ketones due to high blood sugar levels,
2. if you have low sugar levels,
3. if you have low sugar levels without any sign and symptoms,
4. if you are taking insulin,
5. that you are pregnant, and
6. if you are having a tough time in controlling your high sugar levels.
Sometimes early detection and right treatment can bring you back from diabetes state, thence reducing the complications of diabetes.
Changes in diet and routine can help a lot in prevention of diabetes for non-diabetics and keeping blood sugar levels in targets for diabetics. Choose nuts, cinnamon, non-starchy vegetables (broccoli, carrots, cucumber, etc.) and whole grains as a part of your daily diet. Do not skip your meals because eating too much at one time can lead to great fluctuations in your blood sugar levels. Exercising is of course a must because it will help to both lower down and maintain a healthy body weight.
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